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Mercurochrome: Uses, Side Effects And Warnings

Mercurochrome is a marketing phrase for merbromin commonly utilized as a topical first-aid antiseptic agent. It is an organomercuric disodium salt mixture and a fluorescein that is serviceable in numerous nations, except the United States, Germany, France, and Switzerland where the medication was revoked from the market due to the likelihood of mercury poisoning.

What Is Mercurochrome?

It is one of the foremost antiseptics comprising mercury, a chemical component that disinfects by disrupting a microorganism’s metabolism. 

Mercurochrome is the oldest organic mercurial antiseptic in usage, but it is merely bacteriostatic. In its words, the suffix “mercury” is for its mercury content and “chrome” is for its coloring properties. It’s immersed through seared or otherwise absorbent textures and can persuade harsh and fatal inebriety.

Absorption of organic mercury mixtures which are utilized as antiseptics can induce kidney harm in immature kids; in one case, normal administration of mercuro chrome to an omphalocele presumably ceased in anuria, respiratory detention, and demise. Mercuro chrome and thimerosal are not advised for the therapy of large omphaloceles.

Usage Of Mercurochrome

  • Its solution is a widely received and prominent antiseptic for the antidote of burns, nominal injuries, and gashes
  • It is employed in the antisepsis of wounds and the antiseptic of the umbilical cord with inhibited blotch formation, such as neuropathic ulcers and diabetic foot sores, due to identical properties.
  • It is furthermore utilized for the escharotic remedy of big omphaloceles in neonates. Because of its perseverance and lethality to bacteria, mercuro chrome solution is used to deal with diseases of the toenails.
  • Mercuro chrome is furthermore used in scientific investigation for staining natural samples. It’s a natural tint that’s utilized to mark the tissue’s edges.
  • Mercuro chrome solution can be employed as a metal dye in industrial dye penetrant examination to see metal ruptures.

Directions To Use

  • First, you need to clean the wound area.
  • Then apply a tiny quantity on the region 1 to 3 times every day. 
  • May be covered with a sterile dressing. If bandaged, let dry first.


  • For outward usage merely.
  • Inquire of a physician before usage. If you have serious or hole wounds, creature tastes or severe burns. 
  • When utilizing this derivative. Do not use eyes or pertain to big areas of the body. One may not use longer than a week unless directed by a medic.
  • Quit usage and inquire of a medic if the situation prevails or gets nastier

Precautions To Be Taken

  • Before utilizing it, inform your physician about your recent list of pills, over-the-counter derivatives, allergies, pre-existing infections, and existing fitness ailments (for example: gestation, upcoming surgery, etc.). 
  • Some health disorders may make you additionally susceptible to the side consequences of the medication. 
  • Seize as directed by your physician or pursue the advice printed on the derivative insert. Dosage is based on your ailment. 
  • Tell your medic if your situation prevails or worsens. 

Mercurochrome vs Merthiolate

  • Merthiolate is the trade name for thiomersal. Mercurochrome is the trade name for merbromin.
  • Merthiolate is a white/slightly yellow powder while mercurochrome is a dark red liquid.
  • Merthiolate can be used as an antiseptic and antifungal agent while mercurochrome can be used as an antiseptic and organic dye.

Mercurochrome vs Iodine

  • Iodine is used in the form of tinctures, which contain elemental iodine and/or sodium iodide in alcohol, while mercurochrome is a compound made of mercury and bromine.
  • Iodine is a nonmetal and mercury (in mercurochrome) is a metallic element that is liquid at room temperature.
  • Iodine tincture is more effective in killing bacteria and viruses than mercurochrome.
  • Both are used as topical antiseptics.

Side Effects Of Mercurochrome 

  • When mercuro chrome is sipped, it provokes mercuro chrome poisoning as it is a chemical mixture created up of mercury and bromine which are harmful substances and can be dangerous.
  • It can be soaked up topically via the omphalocele sac, resulting in mercury drunkenness and death. Two options for mercurochrome are not toxic, Silver sulfadiazine and gentian violet.
  • Tiny quantities of elemental mercury vapor out from dental amalgam rehabilitation into the mouth’s verbal alcove. The discharged mercury can be selected up by the saliva and then scattered throughout the body to different organs and compartments. Daily mercury uptake accelerations from the amalgam are anticipated to vary between 2 and 25 g Hg/24 h, with the ‘worst issue’ person receiving 70 g Hg/24 h.
  • Mercury is an available neurotoxicant, and in specific individuals, mercury off-gassing can elicit dementia-like signs.
  • Animals drinking this substance, whether accidentally or deliberately, can retain restricted impacts varying from minor pain to finished tissue necrosis in the gastrointestinal lot, as well as systemic impacts.

Chemical Properties Of Mercurochrome

  • It is an organic sodium salt i.e., disodium.
  • It has a chemical procedure of C20H8Br2HgNa2O6 and a molecular significance of 751 daltons.
  • It is voluntarily soluble in water providing a carmine-red solution and is virtually insoluble in liquor, acetone, chloroform, and ether.
  • It, also known as Merbromin, was the foremost of a suite of antiseptics containing mercury, a chemical component that disinfects by disrupting a microorganism’s metabolism.
  • It is an antiseptic that is utilized to cure tiny cuts and bruises from getting infected. It has been displaced in therapy by additional useful constituents of the series, such as Metaphen and Merthiolate, as well as antibiotics.
  • It results in tissue turning around red with a yellow-green light around it.


In conclusion, Mercurochrome is an antiseptic agent. It is used to cure small cuts and wounds by applying it 1-3 times a day on clean areas. It must be used if reca as it has related side effects, which can be harmful.

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